Sexual selection is a "special case" of natural selection.
Sexual selection acts on an organism's ability to obtain (often by any means necessary!)
or successfully copulate with a mate.
Selection makes many organisms go to extreme lengths for sex:
peacocks (top left) maintain elaborate tails, elephant
seals (top right) fight over territories, fruit flies perform dances,
and some species deliver persuasive gifts.
After all, what female Mormon cricket (bottom right) could resist
the gift of a juicy sperm-packet? Going to even more extreme lengths,
the male redback spider (bottom left) literally flings itself into the jaws
of death in order to mate successfully.
Sexual selection is often powerful enough to produce
features that are harmful to the individual's survival. For example,
extravagant and colorful tail feathers or fins are likely to attract
predators as well as interested members of the opposite sex.