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Resource library Teaching materials Evolution 101

Lesson summary for:
The Monterey Pine through geologic time

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Overview:
Understanding the evolutionary history of the Monterey Pine may help us conserve this species.

Author/Source:
Perry, Frank

Grade level:
9-12

Time:
30 minutes

Teaching tips:
This article is fairly advanced but would make a good reading to stimulate further discussion of the nature of science.

Concepts:
Correspondence to the Next Generation Science Standards is indicated in parentheses after each relevant concept. See our conceptual framework for details.

  • The fossil record documents the biodiversity of the past.

  • A hallmark of science is exposing ideas to testing. (P3, P4, P6, P7)

  • Scientists test their ideas using multiple lines of evidence. (P6, NOS2)

  • Scientists can test ideas about events and processes long past, very distant, and not directly observable.

  • Scientific knowledge is open to question and revision as we come up with new ideas and discover new evidence. (P4, P6, NOS3)

  • Scientists use multiple research methods (experiments, observational research, comparative research, and modeling) to collect data. (P2, P3, P4, NOS1)

  • Science is a human endeavor. (NOS7)

  • Our knowledge of the evolution of living things is always being refined as we gather more evidence.

  • Our understanding of life through time is based upon multiple lines of evidence.

  • Scientists use fossils (including sequences of fossils showing gradual change over time) to learn about past life.

  • Scientists use the geographic distribution of fossils and living things to learn about the history of life.

  • Scientists may explore many different hypotheses to explain their observations. (P7)

Teacher background:

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